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Rotterdam Climate Initiative

Brief description:


Country: The Netherlands

Project type: Capture Storage

Scale: Large

Status: Identified

Transport of CO2 by: none

Type of storage: Not decided


Port of Rotterdam

The Rotterdam Climate Initiative (RCI) was launched in 2006 with the aim of reducing CO2 emissions by 50% by 2025 while promoting the economy in the Rotterdam region. This is a more ambitious target than The Netherland's national target of a 30% reduction by 2020. The initiative includes plans for what is currently the most developed CCS network project in Europe.

There are now 18 major companies working together to provide feasibility studies for capture projects and a CCS hub business case. There has also been a feasibility study conducted on the CO2 shipping concept for carrying captured CO2 from sites to an offshore storage location. The project aims to collect CO2 from many different sources within the Rotterdam area at an intermediate hub for transport and storage - by pipeline or ship to end users, such as EOR operators, or storage in deep geological formations under the North Sea.

The current timescale is to begin demonstration of CCS around 2015 and eventually capture and store around 20Mtpa of CO2 by 2025. Building a viable business case is an important part of the project, which hopes the involvement of many will help bring down overall costs.

The founders of the Rotterdam Climate Initiative (RCI) are the Port of Rotterdam, the companies in the industrial port district, the municipality and the environmental protection agency Rijnmond.

The location, the size and the industrial and logistic activities of Rotterdam offer excellent opportunities for CCS. The following matters contribute to this:

• A high concentration of energy intensive industry. • An existing pipeline infrastructure that is used commercially for transport of CO2 to green-houses.

• A relatively short distance to both onshore and offshore fields with sufficient CO2 storage capacity.

• The possibility of further gas and oil recovery through CO2 injection into onshore and offshore fields.

• Availability of residual heat. Capture costs can be reduced significantly when the energy to remove CO2
from the capture solvent (and thereby regeneration of the solvent) is based on industrial residual heat.

• Availability of streams of highly concentrated CO2. Production of biofuels like bioethanol through
fermentation and biodiesel through gasification provides concentrated CO2 that can be captured at low
cost. Also pure CO2 is available as a by-product of gasification activities like the production of hydrogen.

• The favourable location of Rotterdam compared to other high-CO2 emission areas like Antwerp and the
Ruhr region. This enables Rotterdam to become an important CO2 hub in Europe in the future.

For the capture and storage of CO2, Rotterdam uses a three-phase growth model. This makes it possible to link up properly and expeditiously with the current situation and the immediate opportunities in the Rotterdam port and vicinity. The phased growth model allows Rotterdam to learn a lot in little time. At the same time, it limits the technical and financial risks.

Phase 1: Pilots for infrastructure and large-scale storage of CO2

Phase 2: Large-scale pilots of CO2 capture

Phase 3: Full deployment CCS

Pegasus Rotterdam

Pegasus Rotterdam is part of the RCI, and is a CCS initiative by SEQ International BV. Still at the evaluation stage, the project aims to build a new oxyfuel gas-fired 340MW combustor in the Zuid-Holland region of the Netherlands that will capture 2.5Mtpa of CO2 for storage in an offshore depleted oil and gas reservoir. It is scheduled to become operational in 2017. An onshore to offshore pipeline will form part of the project. The company is currently designing this infrastructure and assessing the suitability of identified storage sites.


Subject to an agreement on a storage solution, this project is expected to make a final investment decision during 2011 (GCCSI 2010 report, March 2011).

Other Sources and Press Releases:

Clinton Climate Initiative (PDF)