North East CCS Cluster
A number of planned CCS projects form part of the North East CCS Cluster, which would make use of a shared transport infrastructure being developed by National Grid for the Yorkshire and Humber region (see North East CCS Transport Network).
Teesside Low Carbon and White Rose have both been shortlisted for the UK Government's £1billion CCS Commercialisation Programme, and are now in negotiations with the Department of Energy and Climate Change before a final decision is made in early 2013. The projects were also given government support for their bid to secure funding from the European Union's NER300 fund. However, it was announced in early December 2012 that no UK projects would be in line for first-round NER300 funding.
Teesside Low Carbon (formerly Eston Grange)
A consortium of BOC, International Power, National Grid, Fairfield Energy, Premier Oil and Progressive Energy is planning to build and operate a 450MW IGCC plant with pre-combustion capture at an industrial complex at Wilton, Teesside. The consortium aims to capture around 85% of CO2 emitted, which would then be transported by pipeline for storage in aquifers under the North Sea. The plant could also be used to produce decarbonised hydrogen. The project would tap into the North East CCS Transport Network. A final investment decision may be made in 2014 and construction of the plant would take four years.
In August 2010, the Eston Grange project won ₤240,000 of government funding from the Tees Valley Industrial Programme (TVIP).
White Rose CCS Project (formerly Drax)
Capture Power Limited, a consortium of Alstom, Drax and BOC, have plans to develop a 426MW oxyfuel power and CCS demonstration on the Drax site in North Yorkshire. The plant will also have the potential to burn biomass. In February 2011, the partners (not including BOC, which joined in early 2012) applied for EU NER300 funding. The plant will capture around 2 million tonnes of CO2 per year, or 90% of all CO2 emissions, which would be transported through National Grid’s planned NE CCS Transport Network for permanent undersea storage in the North Sea. The consortium has said success depends on funding support and the establishment of market mechanisms that support low-carbon technologies. It expects to apply for a development consent order by late 2012/early 2013.
Other projects in NE CCS Cluster
The Humber region cluster of CCS projects also includes the C.GEN Killingholme and Ferrybridge CCS projects. The power plants of Eggborough, and Keadby would also be potential CO2 capture sites, as well as Scunthorpe Steelworks.
Lynemouth power plant
Rio Tinto Alcan was planning to retrofit capture technology at one of three generating units at its Lynemouth power station, which fed power to its nearby smelter plant. It was awarded ₤430,000 from the TVIP. In 2011, the company announced it would instead convert the coal-fired plant to biomass. In March 2012, the company closed all operations at the smelter plant.