North East CCS transport network
CO2Sense and National Grid are working with industry, investors and government to develop plans for a large-scale CO2 transport network - or CCS cluster - in the Yorkshire and Humber region of the UK. The region currently produces around 90 million tonnes of CO2 annually, mainly from industrial or power generation sources, and is well placed for access to depleting reservoirs below the southern North Sea.
The network could capture at least 90% of the CO2 produced by the region's conventional power stations and heavy industry, for storage in depleted gas fields and saline formations under the southern North Sea. There is also potential to use captured CO2 in EOR projects in the central and northern fields of the North Sea. CO2Sense believes a CCS cluster in the region could reduce the UK’s total current CO2 emissions by around 10%.
CO2Sense is a wholly-owned company of Yorkshire Forward (a regional development agency), which outlined its vision for a shared CCS network in 2008 in its report, A Carbon Capture and Storage Network for Yorkshire and Humber.
National Grid has published results from a public consultation exercise held during summer 2012, which sought views on potential sites for above-ground facilities, and a landfall site where the pipeline will enter the North Sea. The report included the project's preferred siting options. Read report here.
In November 2011, National Grid unveiled its preferred route for the pipeline that will carry CO2 from the Don Valley Power Project in West Yorkshire to suitable potential storage sites in the North Sea. View the route here.
In March 2012, the UK government announced its new CCS competition would 'encourage polluting industries to collaborate through the use of shared pipelines', boosting hopes that the NE CCS transport network would have a good chance of receiving funding. The competition was launched in April 2012.
CO2Sense published CCS Network to the Future in late 2012, a report outlining the potential for developing a CO2 transport network in the Yorkshire and Humber region. At the same time, plans were announced by National Grid and Energy Technologies Institute to begin drilling off the Yorkshire coast to assess a saline formation site with the potential for storing CO2.
Of the seven CCS projects forwarded to the EU's NER300 fund in May 2011 by the UK government, four are sited in the Yorkshire and Humber region - namely, Don Valley, Killingholme, Progressive Energy's Eston Grange and Drax power plant. All would be potential users of a shared CO2 transport and storage network. National Grid Carbon is working with the project developers to analyse transport and storage opportunities, while CO2Sense is exploring the feasibility of a shared transport network.
The projects are also hoping to win funding from the UK government's phase two national CCS competition, which will provide grants for three CCS projects. Initial consultation began in June 2011.
A final public consultation on pipeline route will be held in spring-summer 2013, after which proposals will be submitted to the UK government in 2013-14. Construction and commissioning is planned for 2014-15.