Under evaluation: Johansen and Troll Kystnær formations
In September 2013, the Norwegian government decided to cancel the full scale CCS facility at Mongstad in cooperation with Statoil. The plant would have captured emissions - at a rate of around 3,400 tonnes per day - from both the power plant and the nearby refinery.
As the first stage of the agreement, a partnership was established in June 2007 for CO2 Technology Centre Mongstad (TCM). The partnership consists of Gassnova SF, on behalf of the Norwegian state, Statoil, Shell, and Sasol. The pilot plant was officially opened on 7 May 2012, to an international gathering.
In October 2012, as part of phase three plans for Mongstad, Statoil awarded Mitsubishi Heavy Industries the contract to produce a concept study for a technology qualification programme for the proposed capture plant at Mongstad. Siemens and Alstom were both selected to conduct concept studies for their respective capture technologies a month later.
The plant would produce 280 megawatts of electricity and 350 megawatts of heat. Total investment (without TCM) to 2010 was more than NOK 4 billion, including construction of a gas pipeline from Kollsnes to Mongstad. The CHP facility was completed in 2010.
The goal of TCM was to further develop and test various technologies relating to carbon capture from exhaust gases from the combined heat and power station, and from emission sources at the refinery. In early December 2011, Gassnova announced that the Technology Centre Mongstad (TCM) would be commissioned in the second quarter of 2012. Read news article here.
Stage II comprised a full-scale facility that is capable of capturing CO2 from both the combined heat and power station and other relevant emission sources at the refinery.
In May 2010 the government announced that they will not call for a final decision on the size and type of the full-scale facility in 2012 as earlier announced, but in 2014. This meant that the construction would have completed in 2018. However, there was a significant development since May 2010.
In summer 2011, the pre qualification of suppliers of the amine technology began. But due the uncertainty connected to possible health risks by the use of amines, this process was stopped in autumn. The government then announced they would debate the matters in the parliament before Christmas. This was again postponed in October, when the government announced that they would hand over a white paper to the parliament after Christmas.
The white paper from the Norwegian oil and energy ministry was presented in the parliament on February 28th, 2011, and showed that the government put off the project once again. The decision to invest is now delayed until 2016.
A postponement of the investment decision, and by that the decision on whether the plant will be cleaned, means increased uncertainty associated with the project.
The government refers to the uncertainty associated with health effects of amines as a background for the delay. After the white paper came, several reports show that the negative health effects might be exaggerated, but there are still uncertainty and lack of knowledge concerning the amines.
The white paper passed the parliament April 12th, 2011. The minister of petroleum and energy, Ola Borten Moe, stated during the debate that the target is to complete the full scale plant as soon as possible and to the lowest cost as possible.
On April 5th, 2011, the Norwegian government and Statoil signed the "Step 2 Development agreement" concerning the responsibility of the Government and Statoil during the planning phase. The next step would be signing the agreement for the engineering phase, and this is estimated to happen within the end of 2013.
In July 2012, both Alstom and MHI announced that they would be progressing with plans to test capture technologies. Alstom would be using the facilities at Technology Centre Mongstad to test its Chilled Ammonia process, while MHI would verify its KM CDR capture process at Kansai Electric Power Co's Nanko Thermal Power Plant in Osaka, Japan.
In September 2013, the Norwegian Government received massive criticism from the Auditor General for the project management and poor cost-control of the Mongstad project. Later the same week, the government decided to cancel the large-scale CCS project and to only move on with the TCM.
Other Sources and Press Releases
Statoil considers closure of Mongstad refinery, 28 March 2012
Norway delays CCS project again (March 2011)
Mongstad postponed again - still large emissions of CO2 (March 2011)
Large scale carbon capture and storage at Mongstad (June 2010)StatoilHydro submits plans to Government (February 2009)
Norwegian Government to invest in Mongstad (July 2008)
Carbon cooperation agreement at Mongstad (June 2007)
An important step towards CO2 capture at Mongstad (June 2007)
Technology development in Norway to reduce CO2 emissions (June 2007)
Carbon Dioxide Capture and Storage in Norway [PDF] (April 2007)
The Norwegian government and Statoil to develop a world class environmental power project at Mongstad (October 2006)
- Anne Margrete Blaker, (Gassnova, Vice President Communications)