Developer PGE Elektrownia Bełchatow (PGE) confirmed in April 2013 that they are pulling the plug on this project after it failed to receive money from for the EU's clean energy funding competition.
PGE had been working towards integrating carbon capture and storage technology with a new 858MW power unit to be added to lignite-fuelled Bełchatów Power Plant - the largest thermal power station in Europe. The plant aimed to capture 1.8 million tonnes per annum of CO2. Feasibility studies had been under way and the CCS plant was scheduled to begin operating by 2015. Its future is now uncertain.
The CCS project implemented at Bełchatów Power Plant would include the following key components as the full value chain in the validation process of the CCS technology:
•Carbon Capture Plant of equivalent power of 260MW and a CO2 capture efficiency of >80% utilizing the Advanced Amine Process It will capture approximately 1.8 million tonnes of CO2 per annum. The new 858MW unit would be modified for the needs of the capture plant construction to obtain the status 'Capture Ready'
•CO2 Transportation: this component would consist of a pipeline of between 50-100 km and the associated infrastructure to transport the compressed CO2 from the capture plant to the storage site to be selected
•CO2 Storage: this would include the injection of pressurized CO2 into the ground (deep saline aquifers) for permanent storage
In collaboration with The Dow Chemical Company, a global gas treating technology leader, Alstom is currently developing an advanced amine based scrubbing technology for the power industry and for similar industrial sources that produce exhaust or flue gases with high oxygen content. This new advanced amine process will offer significant reductions in the amount of energy required for CO2 separation and capture compared to using standard amines.
The Belchatow CCS initiative is one of the candidate projects to the EU Flagship Programme for Carbon Capture and Storage. The project received 180 million Euros through the European Commission's European Energy Program for Recovery (EEPR). On 9 May 2011, the project was submitted by the Polish Government to the European Investment Bank for funding through NER300. Read ZERO article here. In July 2012, the project made the interim shortlist but the government was later unable to confirm support and the project was effectively withdrawn. The Norwegian Government has granted the project an additional €137 million in project funding.
The original project timescale had been as follows. The final commissioning date was recently pushed back from December 2015 to October 2016. It is now uncertain:
CCP - Building Permit: Jan 2010, Construction Completion: Jun 2014, Ready for start up: Dec 2014,
TRANSPORTATION PIPELINE - Building Permit: Aug 2013, Construction completion: Dec 2014,
CO2 STORAGE - Storage site selection: first half of 2011, Permit application and storage site construction start-up: Dec 2012, Injection decision issued: Dec 2014
CCS INSTALLATION - the optimisation process completion and CCS final commissioning: unknown
- PGE Group pulls the plug on Belchatow, April 2013
- EC decision on NER300 funding, 18 December 2012
- GHG Monitor article, May 2012
- PGE project update, March 2012