ZERO believes that the Norwegian government has to launch a competition for government grants to build a full-scale CCS plant by 2020. The competition should be announced during fall 2014, and the final decision should be made by the end of 2015.
The aim of a full-scale plant is to reduce global emissions, as well as developing relevant technology that can be used for future CCS projects. The location of such a plant should not determine whether it is feasible or not. Still, a full-scale plant funded by the Norwegian government should be viewed as an important step for Norwegian government funding for the development of CCS technology.
It is necessary to have solid government funding to attract an appropriate number of projects to choose from. ZERO has created a set of premises and criteria that should be fulfilled in order to receive government funding for a full-scale CCS plant:
Existing sources of emission should be prioritized, or emission sources that will be developed despite of government funding.
The CCS plant should use the most accessible and relevant technology.
The experiences from the CCS plant have to be transferable to plants in similar industries.
The plant must capture at least 300 000 tonnes within the set timeframe.
One should consider that it might be expedient to build the first plant outside Norway.
The grant must include investment and operating expenses.
Industrial process emissions that cannot be eliminated by using renewable energy should be taken under extra consideration when choosing a grant recipient.
The developer is responsible for planning, building and the operation of the plant.
The government is responsible for developing transportation and storage solutions.
The political ambitions for a Norwegian CCS endeavour, where the central idea is to build a CCS plant by 2020, have been clearly stated by Prime Minister Solberg’s government. It is essential to secure the future by acting now.