International research projects


CO2 Capture Project

This collaboration of governments and industry was formed in 2000 and is supported by the governments of the US, Norway and the EU to develop CCS technologies for use at industrial scale. It has undertaken more than 150 projects and is now in its third research phase, looking at next-generation technologies.

Project review of 2011, published May 2012


University of Minnesota R&D
The US Department of Energy awarded the University of Minnesota two grants worth $13.1 million in August 2012 to fund R&D into new materials for capturing greenhouse gases and increasing the efficiency of solar energy conversion. Research activities began in September 2012.

Clean Coal University Research Awards 2012
The US Department of Energy awarded nine universities grants of around $300,000 each to focus on the development of high-temperature, high-pressure, corrosion-resistant alloys, protective coatings, and structural materials for advanced coal-fired power plants and gas turbines. More details here.

Livingston Parish CO2 injection

Blackhorse Energy aims to inject around 53,000 tonnes of CO2 into a geological formation in Livingston Parish, Louisiana to assess its potential for large-scale storage with EOR. A 'best practice' manual will be developed during the project. The US Department of Energy is providing $11.5 million as part of a four-year programme to test safe long-term storage of CO2.

University of Kansas multiple injections

The University of Kansas plans to inject at least 70,000 tonnes of CO2 into multiple formations to test the use of state-of-the-art monitoring, verification, and accounting tools and establish best practice for "shelf clastic" and "shelf carbonate" geologic formations. The US Department of Energy is providing $11.48 million as part of a four-year programme to test safe long-term storage of CO2.


Virginia ECBM injection testing

The Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University is evaluating the potential for enhanced coalbed methane recovery by injecting about 20,000 tonnes of CO2 into unmineable coalbeds. The results could improve existing coalbed methane operations in Central Appalachia. The US Department of Energy is providing $2.87 million as part of a four-year programme to test safe long-term storage of CO2.


IEA Clean Coal Centre

The centre is an impartial source of detailed information on the worldwide use of coal and clean coal technologies. It also facilitates R&D networking and the exchange of expertise and knowledge. Its website features useful databases for its subscribers.

MIT Carbon Capture & Sequestration Technologies Program

The Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) in the US conducts research into a broad range of CCS technologies for use at large point sources of CO2. Its expertise is acknowledged worldwide. MIT formed the industrial consortium, Carbon Sequestration Initiative (CSI), in 2000. Current research includes an analysis of regulatory and political frameworks.

NETL, US Department of Energy

The US’ National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) conducts a wide range of energy and environmental R&D programmes, including a current government-industry project it calls Carbon Capture and Sequestration from Industrial Sources and Innovative Concepts for Beneficial CO2 Use. More details at


Babcock & Wilcox next-generation clean coal technologies

The US’ NETL has funded the company to develop cost-effective, advanced oxy-combustion technologies for carbon capture to be retrofitted or as part of new coal-fired power plants:



Carbon Management Canada

Carbon Management Canada is backing 18 new clean energy projects with total funding of C$10 million. The largest will develop a process for using microorganisms to convert coal to gas while in the ground. Projects also include work to convert CO2 into water and methanol, and a study of public attitude towards GHG mitigation strategies.


CanmetENERGY, set up by the Canadian government, is a knowledge centre for scientific expertise on clean energy technologies. It has over 450 scientists, engineers and technicians working on programmes and services. Its focus includes clean fossil fuels, renewables and transport.

International Test Centre (ITC) for CO2 Capture

The ITC, based at the University of Regina in Canada, is developing and testing carbon capture technologies for the energy sector. As part of its R&D, it has been operating a $5.2 million pre-commercial scale demo plant at SaskPower’s Boundary Dam (create link to project page on database) power station. Contact (there is already a link to ‘Malcolm Wilson’ on the database – create hyperlink to him).

Weyburn Monitoring and Storage Project

This $85-million international project is studying CO2 injection and storage underground in depleted oil fields in Saskatchewan, Canada. The 11-year study is expected to conclude in 2011 by delivering a framework to encourage CCS on a worldwide scale.


ULTimateCO2 project

A four-year, European Union-backed research programme - laboratory and field-based - to assess long-term CO2 storage behaviour, which will in turn help guide operators and regulators of CCS projects.

UK CCS Cost Reduction Research Projects

The UK Government has provided £20m to 13 research projects looking at reducing the costs of developing CCS in the UK. Full list of winning submissions in Department of Energy and Climate Change's press release:

5MW capture pilot, Renfrew, Scotland
UK government-funded project to design, build and test a 5MW carbon capture demonstration plant in Renfrew, Scotland, by 2016.
The plant will test capture technology for combined cycle gas turbine (CCGT) power stations.

Imperial College London £2 million capture pilot

Pilot CCS plant at Imperial College, launched in early 2012, to demonstrate technology that can be applied to different industrial settings, including petrochemical plants.

Imperial College London CO2 storage labs
Four laboratories are focusing on ways of storing CO2 in high detail carbonate rock, as part of the Qatar Carbonates and Carbon Storage Research Centre (QCCSRC), a 10-year, $70 million collaboration between Imperial, Qatar Petroleum, Shell and Qatar Science and Technology Park.

Imperial College Millennium Generation and linked projects

Three projects funded by UK government include a prototype power plant (£5.8m), to test low-carbon technologies, a linked project will seek to reduce energy requirement (£3.35m), and a third will focus on manufacturing plastics from waste CO2 (£100k).

TU Darmstadt carbonate looping pilot

German research university TU Darmstadt is testing a carbonate-looping CO2 capture method that could provide 90% capture rate at lower cost at existing power plants. Pilot will be scaled up for demo at a German power plant still to be decided.

Experimental data results have been made available by the the CO2PIPETRANS project to help guide future CO2 pipeline design and, more recently to advice on CCS safety. The project participants are Arcelor Mittal, BP, DNV, Endesa, ENI, E.ON Ruhrgas, Gassco, Gassnova, Health and Safety Executive (HSE) UK, Maersk Oil, Petrobras, Petroleum Safety Authority (PSA) Norway, Shell, V&M Deutschland, and Vattenfall.

SOLVit R&D programme, Germany

Partners Aker Clean Carbon, E.ON and EnBW have moved to second stage of SOLVit project, which aims to develop post-combustion capture technologies. EnBW's Heilbronn pilot plant will be used for two test campaigns during 2012.,427&id=1850

Octavius PPC project (Netherlands, Italy, Germany)

This EU Seventh Framework project was launched in early 2012 to test post-combustion CO2 capture technologies, and will run tests at three capture pilot sites - CATO, Brindisi and Heilbron. South Africa joined the project in January 2013.

UK CCS Research Centre

Launched in early 2012, the UK Carbon Capture and Storage Research Centre (UKCCSRC) - coordinated by University of Edinburgh - will oversee research into all aspects of CCS. It is funded by the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council and the UK's Department of Energy and Climate Change The PACT centre in Sheffield is providing one site for testing pilot-scale combustion, gasification and post-combustion capture facilities. It will also be the centre's main site for large-scale experimental work, and is also available to UK industry.

CATO 2, The Netherlands

The first phase of CATO considered whether CCS could play a part in a sustainable energy system in the Netherlands. CATO 2 now focuses on R&D – driven by government and industry – at 11 sites, which will help develop technologies for the entire CCS chain. Members of CATO are also involved in international co-operation.

BIGCCS, Norway

This international CCS research centre, based in Norway, unites industry and research agency partners in the development and sharing of cost-effective capture, transport and storage technologies that promote the large-scale use of CCS world-wide. It has a budget of 400 million NOK ($70.6 million) and will operate until 2016.

Cranfield University Clean Energy Lab, UK

The UK's Cranfield University’s launched £2m energy lab in November 2012 to research carbon capture and transport systems, clean fossil fuel technologies, bioenergy and energy-from-waste.

Success, Norway

Sub-surface CO2 storage – Critical Elements and Superior Strategy (Success) is a Norwegian research centre focusing on improving our knowledge of how CO2 behaves below ground in order to boost the acceptance and use of CCS by governments worldwide.

CO2SINK, Germany

The GFZ German Research Centre for Geosciences is investigating the potential for CO2 storage of an underground geological formation at Ketzin, Germany. As of January 2011, the project had already stored 45,000 tonnes of CO2.


Funded partly by the EU’s 5th Framework, CO2Store unites 19 industry players and research agencies to further develop methodologies for assessing, planning and monitoring CO2 storage both on and offshore. It draws on experience gained at the Sleipner gas field off Norway.

EU GeoCapacity

Involving researchers from more than 20 countries, EU GeoCapacity is exploring the potential for geological storage of CO2 in Europe, including the development of methods for capacity assessment, site selection and economic modeling. It is funded by the EU’s 6th Framework, and supported by IEA GHG R&D Programme.

European SiteChar

Launched in January 2011 under the EU’s FP7, this project aims to improve the characterisation of CO2 storage sites and develop a methodology for storage licence applications. Five test sites have been selected – in Scotland, Denmark, Poland, Norway and in the Adriatic Sea.

SCCS projects portfolio. Scotland

The Scottish Centre for Carbon Capture has several new projects underway that focus on CO2 regulation, CCS deployment, CO2 capture and monitoring techniques.

Scottish Regional CCS development study

The Scottish Centre for Carbon Storage is studying geological formations off north-east Scotland to identify CO2 storage potential. A Scottish government and industry consortium – including ScottishPower and Ayrshire Power has provided funding.

University of Glamorgan RELCOM, Wales

The University of Glamorgan in Wales is leading a consortium of 13 EU partners to study how methods of burning coal can facilitate carbon capture. It secured €9 million from the European Commission in March 2012.

CASSEM, Scotland

CO2 Aquifer Storage Evaluation Site and Monitoring (CASSEM) is a £2.5-million project to develop methodologies for identifying and evaluating storage sites in offshore saline aquifers. It was completed in January 2011 and a full report is now awaited.

EPSRC Science & Innovation Award, Scotland

Research agency EPSRC has provided £4 million for the Scottish Centre for Carbon Capture to research and develop new CO2 separation technologies for power plants.

Biochar, UK

The UK Biochar Research Centre is developing the potential for commercial-scale use of biochar for reducing GHG concentrations, improving soil quality and providing an alternative source of energy.


The DECARBit project links 21 partners from 10 European countries to fast-track the development of pre-combustion carbon capture technologies for fossil fuel power. The venture is co-funded by its partners and the EU’s FP7.


This European project – an industry and research agency collaboration – aims to provide tools for developing legislation and helping to ensure safe management of CO2 storage sites.


Ocean Resource is developing the SeaSequestor buoy and subsea storage tank as a cheaper alternative to floating manned facilities or pipelines to transport CO2 captured from power stations.

European Cocate

This three-year project – part of the EU’s FP7 – is studying the potential for capturing CO2 from small, medium and large-scale industrial facilities and developing a shared infrastructure for transport and storage. Le Havre in France and the Port of Rotterdam in The Netherlands are the test sites.


The iCap project is exploring innovative and cost-effective PCC technologies. The 15 Europe-wide partners are coordinated by the Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU) in Trondheim.


IFP Energies is currently developing Chemical Looping Combustion (CLC) technology, which can reduce energy consumption for oxycombustion. With partners Total Gaz and Énergies Nouvelles, IFP has designed and constructed a CLC pilot unit.


This EU FP6 funded project is developing methodologies for evaluating and verifying CO2 storage sites, in order to guide policy makers, regulators and industry. It is being conducted by a consortium of industrial, research and service organisations from across Europe.


The CESAR project is exploring low-cost, post-combustion CO2 capture technology that could be used for both new power plants and the retrofit of existing plants. Research is being conducted at Esbjerg power plant in Denmark, using the CASTOR project pilot capture unit.


CO2Geonet is a European scientific agency of 13 research institutions from seven countries. It receives funding from the EU for projects that include site monitoring, site evaluation and selection methodologies, risk assessment models and impact studies.


This research project aims to develop a roadmap towards a Europe-wide infrastructure for CCS from zero-emission power plants by 2020. The project consortium is made up of 19 partners from 10 countries.

European value chains for CO2 (ECCO)

ECCO was set up in 2008 to capitalise on opportunities to create CO2 value chains within the European energy sector. It will provide recommendations for the cost-effective use of CO2 within EOR projects. It received €3.85 million from the EU’s FP7 fund.


A consortium of research agency and industry partners from six European countries is developing and demonstrating the use of a high-efficiency circulating fluidized bed technology with CCS for use within power plants. The project is backed by the European Commission.

CLIMIT, Norway

Norway’s CLIMIT Programme is researching and developing CCS technologies that can be applied to power generation. In early 2011 it also awarded funding for the first research project into industrial emissions. It has a wide project portfolio that includes capture technologies, risk assessment and impact studies, storage solutions, modelling and monitoring.

PISCO2, Spain

PISCO2 aims to develop biomonitoring tools for CO2 leakage and serve as a laboratory for agricultural tests on the effects of low CO2 emissions. A planned CO2 storage pilot will be built at Hontomín, Spain.

UCG with CCS project in Bulgaria

Bulgarian utility company Overgas Inc and researchers from the University of Leeds are researching underground coal gasification with CCS in Bulgaria. Other partners in the £3-million project – funded by the European Commission – include research agencies and companies from Greece, Portugal, Germany and UK.

ADEME, France

France’s environment and energy agency is undertaking research into technologies that can be applied to demonstration projects in semi-industrial conditions. It is also focusing on storage potential, environmental impact, cost and public acceptance. See CCS pdf link at:


ZEG pilot project, Norway

The Zero Emission Gas (ZEG) pilot project in Norway will produce electricity and hydrogen while capturing CO2 at a 50kW pilot facility being constructed in Lillestrøm, Norway, and due to be ready by end 2013.




National Geosequestration Laboratory

A world-class $48million research facility to advance CCS technologies at the Australian Resources Research Centre in Perth will work with research satellites such as University of Australia's new CO2 facility to research geophysical monitoring techniques and study complex properties of CO2. through advanced process engineering.

CO2CRC Otway project

Research agency CO2CRC is undertaking carbon capture trials in the Otway Basin, in western Australia. The A$40 million project aims to provide essential information that will inform policy and decision-making at public and industry level.


CO2CRC – capture research

CO2CRC is researching cost-effective capture technologies that can be applied to electricity generation as well as producing gas fields or LNG facilities. It is also looking at options for other high-emitting sectors such as iron and steel production and chemical manufacturing. 2012 research update in Carbon Capture Journal.

UNO MK3 carbon capture mini-plant, CO2CRC

The University of Melbourne's commissioned mini capture plant, as part of a CO2CRC project, will trial the use of more environmentally friendly solvents for carbon capture, and may also reduce capture costs substantially.

CSIRO PCC research

Australia’s national science agency CSIRO is conducting extensive laboratory-based research into PCC technologies. This includes research into novel solvents and processes, solid absorbents, ionic liquids and enzyme technologies.


GeoScience Australia – GHG Monitoring Project

The agency has been working with other agencies to explore methods and technologies for groundwater, ocean and atmospheric monitoring that could be used for geological storage sites. The project will help government and industry determine best practice.




Saudi Aramco-KAIST CO2 Research Center

South Korean research institute, Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST), and Saudi oil giant Saudi Aramco have established the Saudi Aramco-KAIST CO2 Research Center, near KAIST’s main campus in Daejeon. It will focus on researching CCS technologies for mutual benefit:

‘Next generation of activated adsorbents for CO2 capture in IGCC’, China

Shanxi Institute of Coal Chemistry has launched a research project with Nottingham University into adsorbents used in IGCC technology. The project has been funded by the Natural Science Foundation of China and the UK’s Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council.

Asia-Pacific Partnership (APP) on Clean Development and Climate

Among 14 current projects, the partnership is funding the research, development and demonstration of PCC technologies for coal-fired power plants. Scientists from APP member countries will share experience through taking part in field trials.



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